Strategies for Reading Comprehension
History Frames/Story Maps
What Are History Frames?
Here is one of the strategies that we ought to be using in history and social studies classes because it lets us take advantage of a tool that students probably already possess ... namely, the story maps they've been using in English and Language Arts and Literature for years and years.
How Do These Frames & Maps Work?
Download and Print:
How About Cross-Disciplinary Applications?
Good question. Below you'll find ideas for using the same basic story map in history, English, and science. (And couldn't it be adapted for drama, math word problems, even auto mechanics? I think so.) You can also print out the information from this chart in portable document format [pdf].
|Setting||Where and When||Where and When||Time and Conditions|
|Characters||Who were the key players?||Who were the major (and minor?) characters taking part in the action of the story?||Equipment Used|
|Plot: Problem/Goal||What were the key players after? What problem were they tackling? What goal did they hope to achieve?||What event or situation sets the story in motion? What do they main characters hope to do?||What is the hypothesis the students intend to test?|
|Plot: Key Episodes||Key events||Key events||Steps in the experiment|
|Plot: Resolution/Outcome||What resulted? How was it resolved? Did the key players solve their problem or attain their goal?||Was the problem resolved, or was the character's goal met?||What results did you obtain?|
|Theme||Why is this event still important to us today? What is its enduring significance? What is there to be learned from it?||What is the message for us or for the rest of humanity? What's the moral, the universal truth, the common understanding?||So what? What do these results mean to us, to our understanding of science, to our ability to use science to solve real problems?|
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